i Jonathan K. T. Smith, comp., Tombstone
Inscriptions from Black Cemeteries in Madison County, Tennessee
(Jackson, TN: privately printed, 2000), 21.
ii "Friedlob," Madison County, Tennessee Families, <http://www.tngenweb.org/madison/families/friedlob.htm>
(14 November 2002).
iii Emma Inman Williams, Historic Madison: The Story of Jackson &
Madison County Tennessee From the Prehistoric Moundbuilders to 1917
(Jackson, TN: Madison County Historical Society, 1946), 152.
iv Williams, 328.
v Williams, 400.
vi Goodspeed Biographical Appendix, Madison County, Tennessee
<http://www.tngenweb.org/madison/history/gsbiomad.htm> (12 August
2002); Williams, 361.
vii Williams, 400.
viii Those identified in Williams, 527-30, include:
National: Herron Carney Pearson (died 1953) [E
5] Representative 1935-1943;
Thomas Jefferson Murray (died 1971) Representative 1943-1967;
State: J. D. Bledsoe (died 1985) [Q14] senator
J. E. Blackmon (died 1938) [G21] representative 1915-23;
Richard Dungan (died 1955) [I 69] representative 1945--??;
M. V. B. Exum (died 1918) [H 50] floating representative
Eugene Fulghum (died 1928) [K1 40] senator 1917-19;
R. A. Harris (died 1939) [I 43] representative 1907-09;
Gid T. Henderson (died 1948) [M29] representative 1931-35;
A. S. Johnson (died 1953) [Q 115] representative 1913-15;
F. L. Johnson (died 1947) [Q122] representative 1927-29;
Sam C. Jones, (died 1950) [Q36] floating representative 1931-33;
J. A. Midyett (died 1961) [V 710] representative 1933-35,
1939-41, 1943 –1945; William P. Moss (died 1985) [K3] senator
1933-37, speaker 1935-37;
R. B. Neely (died 1937) [B26] representative 1923-33;
William Albert Perry (died 1930) [N 43] representative 1897-99;
Lowell Simmons (died 1951) [V 107] representative 1945-??;
Richard Reynolds Sneed (died 1947) [M109] representative
Ancil Walter Stovall (died 1923) [B 30] senator 1895-97;
R. B. Swink (died 1933) [B13] representative 1919-21, senator
Andrew Tip Taylor, Jr. (died 1946) [M3] representative 1937-39;
M. Henry Taylor (died 1928) [E 3] representative 1913-15;
Local: C. E. Griffin (died 1925) [C48] mayor
of Jackson 1910-1915;
Thomas G. Polk (died 1928) [I 78] mayor of Jackson 1909-10;
Other: S. J. Everett (died 1945) [I 90] 1914
candidate for Democratic gubernatorial nomination (Williams,
Robert S. Fletcher (died 1931) [I 82] on Governor Robert
Taylor's staff (Williams, 329).
ix Apparently the group anticipated a third world
war and planned the marker to have enduring relevance.
x Wallach, Evan J., "The Procedural and Evidentiary Rules of the
Post World War II War Crimes Trials: Did They Provide an Outline for
International Legal Procedure?" Law of War Page. <http://www.lawofwar.org/Tokyo%20Nuremburg%20article.htm>
(30 September 2002).
xi Woodmen of the World Life Insurance Society Page, "About
Woodmen," "Woodmen Grave Markers," and "Woodmen History, <http://www.woodmen.com
> (31 May 2002).
xii Other similar markers symbolizing laying down the earthly burden
(cross) and taking up the heavenly crown are generally executed in
dark gray stone rather than the W.O.W. trademark brown.
xiii Hollywood Cemetery Board of Directors. "An Invitation to
Hollywood Cemetery, Jackson, Tennessee." Jackson, TN [?]: privately
printed, no date.
xiv Although none of the stones individually photographed has a
visible stone carver's name, Jackson City Directories list the
following local cutters during the period of significance: Beville
Marble Works, Jackson Marble & Granite Works, and City Marble Works
(also known as J. T. Whitehead & Sons). It is very likely that some
tombstones in Hollywood Cemetery came from all three firms. Two
likely artisans were John T. Whitehead (died 1904) [B59], owner of
City Marble Works, and John Langford, who worked for Jackson Marble
and Granite Works across the street from Hollywood Cemetery. The
latter has been in business since 1928. According to Goodspeed's
history (912), former Confederate soldier with the 1st Tennessee
Heavy Artillery unit and four time prisoner of war, Whitehead
settled in Jackson in 1879 and had a "first-class marble trade."
Information on Langford was provided by Robert Taylor in a telephone
conversation with author on 24 September 2001 (notes at Center for
Historic Preservation, Middle Tennessee State University,
Murfreesboro, TN). At the turn of the century, architectural and
monument pattern books were becoming popular; therefore, it is
reasonable to believe that some markers were copies from patterns
rather than designs unique to a local carver.
xv Conversation with cemetery association president, Joe Exum, 9
xvi Tim Talbot, "How to ‘Unearth' the Past in Cemeteries," Bulletin
No. 5, Association of Illinois Museums and Historical Societies,
xvii Jonathan K. T. Smith, Tombstone Inscriptions in Historic
Riverside Cemetery in Jackson, Tennessee, rev. ed., (Jackson, TN
[?]: privately published, 1998), <http://www.tngenweb.org/madison>(12
July 2002), 81.
xviii "How to Interpret Gravestone Motifs," Saving Graves Page,
<http://www.savinggraves.com/carvings.htm> (28 June 2001).
xix This statue may have been available to WWI veterans through mail